The TOEFL iBT ® Reading section is designed to assess how well you can read and understand the kind of materials used in an academic environment. It includes 3 or 4 reading passages, each approximately 700 words long, with 10 questions per passage. You have 54 to 72 minutes to answer all the questions in the section.
GENERAL PROCEDURES FOR ANSWERINGREADING SECTION QUESTIONS:8 STEP PROCESS1. Go directly to the questionsIn my years of experience and thousands of students, not one has had a problem with thisstep. Simply skip the reading and go directly to the questions. First of all, this is NOTlike a test inschool and you are not learning anything on the TOEFLiBT. Second, you have a limited amount oftime to answer 12–14 very confusing questions, so you need all the time you can get to answer them.Finally, because there is so much extra information in the passages that you will not be tested on,reading more could make choosing the best answer more difficult. Remember that you do not getpoints for reading. You only get points for answering questions correctly.2. Determine the question typeThere are 11 question types on the TOEFLiBT. Each question has its own specificprocedure that will help you to answer it quickly and accurately. (See “Advanced Fine Proceduressection for more information.)3. Understand what the question is askingReword the question if necessary or follow the direction indicated by the question type.Some questions on the TOEFLiBT are not questions at all, but rather directions to go take you to aspecific point in the passage. (See “Advanced Fine Procedures” for more information on this.)FACT: If you don’t understand a question, you are most likely to choose the wrong answer. Somequestions are straightforward. However, many are worded as open-ended statements or are written ina confusing way, while still others are not questions at all but directions. Make sure you understandwhat the question is asking about before proceeding to step #4. (See “Advanced Fine ProceduresSection for more information.)4. Find the key word(s) in the questionEach question will point to something specific from the passage. ETS uses what the TOEFLMaster calls “key word(s)” to direct you to the exact place in the passage that gives you the clue toanswer the question.5 . Match the “key” word(s) in the question with the related“key(s)” in the passageEach question will have a clue in the passage that determines the correct answer. Use this toyour advantage by matching the key word(s) in the question to the same (or similar) key word(s) inthe passage. While some questions, especially EXCEPTquestions may ask about information in thepassage in general, many questions will tell you what paragraph to look in, and the test will put anarrow next to that paragraph. Remember that questions come in roughly the same order as theinformation is presented in the passage. So, if you aren’t given an arrow, look for the clue close towhere you have just been looking for the previous question.6. Read only as much as you need to answer the question in yourown wordsTOEFL passages contain clues that answer the questions. However, they also contain a lot ofinformation that you will not be tested on. Besides that, they also make questions that are unclear ifyou don’t know how to read them. If you read too much, or read in the wrong place, you may readinformation that seems right (there will be a choice that matches) but is wrong. Therefore, use yourkey word(s) to find the place where you should read and then read only enough to answer thequestion. A good rule is the Rule of 3. Read the sentence that contains the key word(s). If that doesn’tanswer your question, read the sentence before, and then the sentence after. If you don’t have theanswer to your question after reading those three sentences, you probably didn’t understand thequestion and should reevaluate from step #3.7. Use Process of Elimination (POE) to eliminate wrong choicesThere are no right answers on the TOEFL iBT! There is only the best answer, and that is theone that is left after using the clue and the POE to eliminate wrong choices. There is no way to get ahigh score without using the POE, and it makes finding the best answer easy. Use it! Memorize thesein order. Learn how ETSuses them to create wrong choices, and learn to identify what the wrongchoices look like so that you can eliminate them quickly and easily. Remember that this is a timedtest. Being able to eliminate certain obviously wrong choices will give you an advantage and gain youa higher score.THE FIVE PROCESSES OF ELIMINATION ARE:Beyond the Information – The information comes from a part of the passage other than where your“key” word(s) directed you to. For example, the question may direct you to read a sentence inparagraph 3, but the choice has information from paragraph 1, or paragraph 4. That choice would beconsidered “beyond the information.”Extreme Language – Words like all, most, impossible, none, never, always, and only are likely tobe wrong.NOTE: Extreme language is wrong unless stated as extreme in the passage.Altered Information – A significant word or words have been changed from what is stated in thepassage.Not Mentioned – This choice may be true, but is not mentioned in the passage.Opposite – The Opposite of what is stated in the passage.8. Guess on Vocabulary in Context (VIC) questionsThis is not a license to guess on any of the other questions, but rather a strategy to deal withvocabulary questions ONLY! The reason for this is that there may be some words in the choices thatyou just don’t know. In this case, you can only guess. Taking more time to debate among words thatyou don’t know will only waste time and cause you to lose focus. Every question on the TOEFLiBThas a clue and a process of elimination that will help you to answer it. However, there is one questionin which you may not find either the clue or the process of elimination helpful, and that is the VICquestions. For VICquestions, finding the clue won’t be helpful if you do not know any of the wordsgiven as choices. Save your time for those questions that you can answer with the fine procedures.
Practice Real toefl practice test. Prepare yourself.
The TOEFL iBT ® Speaking section is designed to measure your ability to speak English effectively in academic settings. It is composed of 4 tasks that resemble real-life situations you might encounter both in and outside of a classroom.
TOEFL Listening Introduction. The listening section is the second section of the TOEFL iBT test. It normally contains 3 conversations and 4 lectures.
The listening section of the TOEFL internet-based test (iBT) includes 4-6 academic lecture excerpts (each 3-5 minutes in length) and 2-3 conversations on a variety of general topics relevant to university life (approximately 3 minutes each). Students answer six questions per lecture and five questions per conversation, and total section timing ranges from 60 to 90 minutes. Listening section exercises are delivered by audio recording, and pictures on the computer screen indicate both the context of the exercise and the number of speakers. Listening section scaled scores are from 0 to 30.
The TOEFL Writing section lasts 50 minutes and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and Independent Writing. It’s the final section of the TOEFL. After this, you’re done! You’ll have 20 minutes to plan and write the Integrated Writing Task and 30 minutes to plan and write the Independent Writing Tasks.
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