English Grammar & Vocabulary


Prepare yourself for GRE | IELTS | TOEFL 

TOEFL iBT Note-Taking

TOEFL® iBT Note-Taking

When you sit for the TOEFL iBT test, you will be allowed to take notes in the Listening, Speaking and Writing sections. Effective note-taking is essential for TOEFL as you will receive a lot of information and it would be impossible to remember all of it. Good notes will facilitate your responses and directly affect your TOEFL iBT score.

Why should you develop the skill of note-taking?

  • It keeps you focused;
  • It helps you remember information;
  • It helps you answer the questions and organize your spoken or written responses.

Note-taking strategies:

  • As you listen, focus on the main points and ideas. They can be recognized by the pause that is made before the essential information, by the repetition of some information, the emphasis that is placed on certain points, word signals (…two main aspects…, …second…,…essential…) etc.;
  • Concentrate on important words, like nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs, also names, dates, numbers, etc.;
  • Listen carefully to the questions both professors and students ask and answers given – they often refer to major ideas;
  • In conversations – identify the main problem/need, the solution and the main participants in the conversation, as well as the one who is more important or whose problem/need is the topic of conversation;
  • Do not write down everything you hear, for example you can easily omit auxiliary verbs, determiners, pronouns and prepositions;
  • Identify how the information is organized: the stages of a process, major points to minor points, problems and solutions, causes and results, etc.;
  • Organize your notes in some logical form – graph, list with major points and sub-points, flow chart, etc.;
  • Write clearly, as the notes will do you no good afterwards if you can’t read what you have written;
  • Use abbreviations and symbols.


Abbreviations and Symbols

 with – w/

regarding, about – re

limited – ltd

without – w/o

difference – diff

through – thro

at – @

reference – ref

though – tho

about, approximately – ~

especially – esp

 important – imp

times – x

opposed to – vs

possible – poss

that is – i.e.

and so on – etc

probable – prob

for example – e.g.

department – dept

number – #, no

because – b/c

page – p

compare – cf

before – b/4

pages – pp

or – /

  • You can use the first syllable of the word and drop the others: reference – ref;
  • You can omit the vowels from the words: people – ppl, problem – pblm;
  • You can use an apostrophe: admitted – adm’d;

Note-Taking Methods

Outline format

In this format you can take notes in the form of a list with main points, then sub-point, etc. For example:

  1. Cocoa
  2. Production
  3. Harvesting
  4. Detail
  5. Detail
  6. Processing
  7. Detail
  8. Detail

iii. Chocolate

  1. Detail
  2. Detail
  3. Health benefits

Mind mapping A mind map is an image centered diagram that represents semantic or other connections between major ideas. For example, it can graphically illustrate the structure of a plant, the connections between certain major points, etc.

Here is how you can take notes by using this method:

  1. Write the topic in the center;
  2. Each key word/phrase should be alone on its own line;
  3. The lines should be connected to the main topic;
  4. Organize the ideas by some hierarchy, numbers or outlines

TOEFL can help anyone to Excell himself for the greater way. 

The TOEFL iBT ® Test The world’s premier English-language test for university study, work and immigration. Accepted by more than 11,000 universities in over 150 countries, the TOEFL iBT ® test helps students stand out confidently in English and show they have what it takes to succeed.

Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test to measure the English language ability of non-native speakers wishing to enroll in English-speaking universities. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS. TOEFL Test Consists of four sections


The Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for many graduate schools in the United States and Canada.

GRE General Test, the one test accepted by thousands of graduate and business schools worldwide.

GRE, is an important step in the graduate school or business school application process. The GRE is a multiple-choice, computer-based, standardized exam that is often required for admission to graduate programs and graduate business programs (MBA) globally.

Makes you succeed in the future. To GRE Vocab Section is the half of the score.

The most widely used language test. To study or immigration or work or even freelancing English language is essential. Without good knowledge of English, our trial is hindered in the middle of the path.

The exam mainly measures the ability of test-takers to communicate in the four basic English language skills – listening, reading, speaking, and writing.
IELTS exam is jointly owned and conducted by IDP Education Australia, British Council, and Cambridge English Language Assessment.

English grammar is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and the structure of whole texts. This grammar section explains English grammar in a clear and simple way. Learn more about the English language with our online grammar lessons. 

English Vocabulary

Learn new words and improve your vocabulary so that you will be able to communicate well in English

English has a large vocabulary with an estimated 250,000 distinct words and three times that many distinct meanings of words. However, most English teachers will tell you that mastering the 3000 most common words in English will give you 90 to 95% comprehension of English newspapers, books, movies, and conversations.