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English Grammar & Vocabulary

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Voice Change | English Grammar

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Voice Change

VOICE CHANGE

 

Active to Passive (General rule):

Rule-1: Active voice Gi Subject-wU Passive voice-Gi Object-G cwibZ nq Ges Object-Gi c~‡e© mvaviYZ by e‡m|

Rule-2: Active voice Gi g~j Verb-wU Passive voice-G Past participle-G cwibZ nq Ges Zvi c~‡e© To be verb-GicÖ‡qvRbxq form e‡m|

Rule-3: Active voice Gi Object-wU Passive voice-Gi Subject- G cwibZ nq|

Rule-4: Active voice G Verb- Gi `ywU Object _vK‡j, GKwU‡K Subject K‡i AciwU‡K Object iƒ‡c ivL‡Z nq|

Rule-5: †Kvb Simple sentence-G ev ‡Kvb GKwU Clause-G Double passive Kiv DwPZ bq| G‡Z ev‡K¨i A‡_©i cwieZ©bn‡q hvq|Z‡e Complex sentence-G Principal Ges Subordinate Dfq Clause-Gi Passive Ki‡Z nq|

Tense

Active

Passive

Simple present

keeps

is kept

Present continuous

is keeping

is being kept

Present perfect

has kept

has been kept

Simple past

kept

was kept

Past continuous

was keeping

was being kept

Past perfect

had kept

had been kept

Future (simple)

will keep

will be kept

Future continuous

will/shall be keeping

will/shall be being kept

Conditional

would keep

would be kept

Perfect conditional

would have kept

would have been kept

Present infinitive

to keep

to be kept

Perfect infinitive

to have kept

to have been kept

Present participle

keeping

being kept

Perfect participle

having kept

having been kept

 

Sentence-‡h ai‡biB †nvK bv †Kb Passive voice-G g~j Verb-wU me©`v Past participle-G n‡e Ges me©`v GKwU be verbwb‡Z n‡e| be verb _vK‡jI Av‡iKwU AwZwi³ be verb wb‡Z n‡e| Dc‡i D‡j−wLZ `vMvswKZ k㸇jv nj AwZwi³ be verb.

Voice nj Verb-Gi MVb hvi Øviv Subject wb‡R wKQyK‡i ev A‡b¨i KvR Zvi Dci G‡m c‡o, Zv eySvq|

Voice `yÕcÖKvit (i) Active voice (ii) Passive voice

Active voice:‡h Sentence-G Subject wb‡R সক্রিয় evActive n‡q KvR সম্পন্ন K‡i, †m Sentence-G Verb-GiActive voice nq|

Active -I do the work.

e¨vL¨vtDc‡ii Sentence-G Subject “I” wb‡R KvRwUK‡i | Subject-“I” G_v‡b সক্রিয় ev Active ZvB Dc‡iiSentence-wU Active voice.

Passive voice:‡h Sentence-G Subject wb‡R KvRসম্পন্ন K‡i bv eis Object-Gi KvRwU Zvi Dci G‡mc‡o,ZLb †m Sentence-G Verb-Gi Passive voicenq|

Passive -The work is done by me.

e¨vL¨vtDc‡ii Sentence-G Subject “The work”wb‡R is done-Gi KvR সম্পন্ন K‡i bv eis Ab¨KZ…K সম্পন্নKv‡Ri dj †fvM K‡i| ZvB Dc‡ii Sentence-wU Passivevoice.

Object wPbvi Dcvq

(i) mvavibZt g~j Verb-Gi ci Object _v‡K|

The boys are playing football.

e¨vL¨vt Dc‡ii Sentence-G play g~j Verb Gesfootball- noun-wU g~j Verb Gi c‡i emvq Zv Object.

(ii) A‡bK mgq Active voice-G `yÕwU Object _v‡K| †m‡¶‡Î D³ Active voice-†K Passive voice-G রূপান্তরKivi mgq cÖ_g Object-wU A_©vr e¨w³evPK Object-wU‡KSubject KivB †kªq|

Active -He teaches us English.

Passive -We are taught English by him.

Or-English is taught us by him.

e¨vL¨vt Dc‡ii Active voice wU‡Z teaches g~j VerbwUic‡i `~ÕwU Object h_vµ‡gus I English Av‡Q| Zvig‡a¨  us e¨w³evPK nIqvq Zv‡K Passive voice-GiSubject wnmv‡e emv‡bv n‡q‡Q|

(iii) A‡bK mgq Active voice-G `yÕwU Object-Gi g‡a¨‡h‡Kvb GKwUi c~‡e© Preposition _v‡K| †m‡¶‡Î †hObject-wUi c~‡e© Preposition _v‡K, †mwU Passivevoice-Gi Subject wnmv‡e ব্যবহার nq bv| Aci †h Object-wU _v‡K, †mwUB Passive voice-Gi Subject wnmv‡e e‡m|

Active -He did for me the unnecessary things.

Passive -The unnecessary things were done forme by him.

e¨vL¨vt Dc‡ii Active voice-wU‡Z did g~j verb-wUic‡i যথাক্রমে me I the unnecessary things GB `ywUObject e‡m‡Q| Zvi g‡a¨ ‘me’ object -wUi c~e© ‘for’preposition emvq Zv Passive voice-Gi Subjectnqwb| ZvB ‘the unnecessary things’ Passive voice-Gi Subject n‡q‡Q|

cÖK„Zc‡¶‘me’ GLv‡bprepositionGiObject, verb-Gi Object bq| wKš‘ Passive voice-Gi Subject-wUAek¨B Active voiceGi verb-Gi Object nIqv evÂbxq|

Active voice-‡K Passive voice-Gরূপান্তরের  wbqgt

Rule-1. (i) Active voice-Gi Subject-wU Passivevoice-Gi Object nq Ges Zvi cy‡e© mvaviYZ by e‡m|(verb-Gi A_© Abyhvqx Ab¨vb¨ preposition-I em‡Zcv‡i|)

(ii) Active voice-Gi Object –wU Passive voice-GiSubject nq|

(iii) g~j Verb-Gi Past participle nq Ges Zvi c~‡e©Subject I Tense Abyhvqx Auxiliary verb e‡m|

Rule- 2. Auxiliary verb e¨env‡ii wbhgt

(A)- (i) Present indefinite: am, is, are.

(ii) Past indefinite: was, were.

(iii) Future indefinite: shall be, will be.

(B)- (i) Present continuous: am being, is being,are being.

(ii) Past continuous: was being, were being.

(iii) Future continuous: shall be being, willbe being.

(C)- (i) Present perfect: has been, have been.

(ii) Past perfect: had been.

Be be, am, is, are, was, were, been, being.

Have have, has, had, having.

Do do, does, did.

 

Rule 3 (a) present indefinite tense hy³ Activevoice-‡K Passive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) am/ is/ are e‡m + (iii)g~j verb-Gi past participle e‡m (iv) by e‡m + (v)Subject-wUi Objective form e‡m|

Active -He writes a letter.

Passive -A letter is written by him.

(b) Present continuous tense hy³ Active voice-‡K Passive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) am being/ is being/are being e‡m + (iii) g~j verb-Gi past participleform e‡m (iv) by e‡m + (v) Subject-wUi Objectiveform e‡m|

Active -We are playing football.

Passive -Football is being played by us.

(c) Present perfect tense hy³ Active voice-‡KPassive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) has been/ have beene‡m + (iii) g~j verb-Gi past participle e‡m (iv) bye‡m + (v) Subject-wUi Objective form e‡m|

Active -He has done the work.

Passive -The work has been done by him.

(d) Past indefinite tense hy³ Active voice-‡KPassive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) was/ were e‡m +(iii) g~j verb-Gi past participle e‡m (iv) by e‡m +(v) Subject-wUi Objective form e‡m|

Active -He killed the bird.

Passive -The bird was killed by him.

(e)Past continuous tense hy³ Active voice-‡KPassive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) was being/ werebeing e‡m + (iii) g~j verb-Gi past participle forme‡m (iv) by e‡m + (v) Subject-wUi Objective forme‡m|

Active -We were playing football.

Passive -Football was being played by us.

(f) Past perfect tense hy³ Active voice-‡KPassive voice-Gরূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) had been e‡m + (iii)g~j verb-Gi past participle e‡m (iv) by e‡m + (v)Subject-wUi Objective form e‡m|

Active -He had done the work.

Passive -The work had been done by him.

(g) Future indefinite tense hy³ Active voice-‡KPassive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) shall be/ will be e‡m+ (iii) g~j verb-Gi past participle e‡m+ (iv) by e‡m+ (v) Subject-wUi Objective form e‡m|

Active -He will write a letter.

Passive -A letter will be written by him.

(h) Future continuous tense hy³ Active voice-‡K Passive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) Object wU Subject nq + (ii) shall be being/ willbe being e‡m + (iii) g~j verb-Gi past participleform e‡m (iv) by e‡m + (v) Subject-wUi Objectiveform e‡m|

Active -We will be playing football.

Passive -Football will be being played by us.

Rule 4. May, might, can, could, must, ought to,going to, hy³ Active voice-†K Passive voice-GcwieZ©b Kivi mgq G‡`i c‡i be e‡m Ges Zvi c‡iB g~jverb-wUi Past participle e‡m|

Active -I may help you.

Passive -You may be helped by me.

Active -You must do the work.

Passive -The work must be done by you.

Active -We ought to obey our parents.

Passive -Our parents ought to be obeyed by us.

Active -They are going to open a bank.

Passive -A bank is going to be opened by them.

cÖK…Zc‡¶Rule-3-g(future indefinite) GesRule 4GKB wbq‡gPassive voice-G cwiewZ©Z nq|Modalauxiliary-Gi c‡iVerb Gipresent form e‡m|G‡¶‡Îto be”-verb Gipresent form “be” e‡m Gesg~jverb Gipast participle e‡m Ges Ab¨me cwieZ©bh_vixwZ nqfuture indefinite GModal auxiliarywnmv‡eshall/ will e‡m|

Future indefinite, Modal auxiliary hy³sentence,Imperative sentence, Conditional sentence GesPresent infinitiveGiPassive voice-Gbe + pastparticiple e‡m|

 

Rule 5. Imperative sentence-Gi Active voice-†KPassive voice Kivi wbqgt

Imperative sentence-wU 2nd person w`‡q ïi“ n‡jYou (2nd person) Dn¨ _v‡K Ges Ab¨vb¨ person w`‡qïi“ n‡j cÖ_‡g Let e‡m Ges Subject-Gi Objectivecase nq|

Imperative sentence-Gi MVb:-

(2nd person) + g~j verb + Object/ extension(Active)

Active – (You) Do the work.

Let + Ab¨vb¨ person Gi Objective case + g~j verb + Object/ extension (Active).

Let him write a letter.

Kv‡RBPassive voiceG †h‡nZzObject wUSubject nqGesPassive voiceG †mwU mvaviYZ2nd personG_v‡K bv, ZvBPassive voice Kivi mgqLet bv _vK‡jILet emv‡Z n‡e|Imperative sentence-GiPassivevoice-GAuxiliary wnmv‡ebe e‡m|g~jverb w`‡q ïi“n‡j †h‡nZzSubjectYou (2nd person) Dn¨ _v‡K, ZvBPassive voice-Gby you Dn¨ _v‡K| Ab¨vb¨personw`‡q Z_v Letw`‡q ïi“ n‡j †h‡nZzSubjectGiObjective case nq, ZvBPassive voice-Gby +subject (AcwiewZ©Zcase) e‡m|

(a) ïaygvÎ g~j verb w`‡q ïi“hy³ Active voice-†KPassive voice-G রূপান্তরের wbqgt

(i) cÖ_‡g Let e‡m + (ii) Object-wU Subject iƒ‡c e‡m +(iii) be + (iv) g~j verb-Gi Past participle e‡m|

Active -Shut the door.

Passive -Let the door be shut.

(b) Do not w`‡q ïi“hy³ Imperative sentence-GiActive voice-†K Passive voice Kivi wbqgt

(i) cÖ_‡g Let not e‡m + (ii) Object-wU Subject iƒ‡ce‡m + (iii) be + (iv) g~j verb-Gi Past participlee‡m|

Active -Do not hate the poor.

Passive -Let not the poor be hated.

(c) Let + e¨w³evPK-Object (me, us, you, them,him, her etc.)w`‡q ïi“hy³ Imperative sentence-GiActive voice-†K Passive voice Kivi wbqgt

(i) cÖ_‡g Let e‡m + (ii) Object-wU Subject iƒ‡c e‡m +(iii) be e‡m + (iv) g~j verb-Gi Past participle e‡m+ by e‡m + cÖ`Ë e¨w³evPK-ObjectwU e‡m|

Active -Let me do the work. (GLv‡b me n‡PQSubject-I(1st person) Gi Objective case. Object-The work-3rd person)

Passive -Let the work be done by me. (GLv‡b men‡PQ Object. Subject-The work-3rd person)

(d) Never hy³ Imperative sentence-Gi Activevoice-†K Passive voice Kivi wbqgt

(i) cÖ_‡g Let e‡m + (ii) Object-wU Subject iƒ‡c e‡m +(iii) be e‡m + (iv) g~j verb-Gi Past participle.

Active -Never tell a lie.

Passive -Let never a lie be told. Or

Let a lie never be told. (GLv‡b never-GKwU adverbZvB GwU AcwiewZ©Z _vK‡e|)

(e) g~j verb + e¨w³evPK-Object (me, us, you, them,him, her etc.) hy³ Imperative sentence-Gi Activevoice-†K Passive voice Kivi wbqgt

(i) cÖ_‡g Let e‡m + (ii) Direct Object-wU (g~j verb-Gi c‡i †h Object-wU _v‡K) Subject iƒ‡c e‡m + (iii)be e‡m + (iv) g~j verb-Gi Past participle e‡m + (v)for e‡m + (vi) cÖ`Ë e¨w³evPK-ObjectwU e‡m|

Active -Buy me a shirt.

Passive -Let a shirt be bought for me.

(You buy me a shirt.- GLv‡b me Ges a shirt DfqBobject, Double Object-Gi †¶‡Î Direct Object-Gic‡i Indirect Object em‡j Indirect Object-Gi c~‡e©preposition-to/ for e‡m| Z‡e GLv‡b ev‡K¨i A_©cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ for e‡m‡Q|)

Imperative sentence-Gi Active voice-G Please_vK‡j You are requested to e¨en„Z nq| AveviIntransitive verb-Gi Passive voice-hw`I mvaviYZnq bv,Zey Giƒc‡¶‡Î Please _vK‡j You are requestedto †hvM K‡i Passive voice Kivhvq|Avevi should Gesbe Gimvnv‡h¨I Giƒc Passive voice Kiv hvq|

 

Active -Please, do this work.

Passive -You are requested to do this work.

Active -Please keep off the grass.

Passive -You are requested to keep off the grass.

Active -Please, do not smoke.

Passive -You are requested not to smoke.

Active -Please, go there. (Intransitive)

Passive -You are requested to go there.

Active -Keep your word.

Passive -Your word should be kept.

Active -Obey your teacher.

Passive -Your teacher should be obeyed.

Active -Love the children.

Passive -The children should be loved.

Active -Prepare for the worst.

Passive -Be prepared for the worst.

 

Imperative sentence:-

Active -Come here. (Intransitive)

Passive -You are requested to come here.

Active -Go there. (Intransitive)

Passive -You are requested to go there.

 

 

 

–o–

Grammar

blackboard English Grammar

English grammar is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and the structure of whole texts. This grammar section explains English grammar in a clear and simple way. Learn more about the English language with our online grammar lesson

Vocabulary

Learn new words and improve your vocabulary so that you will be able to communicate well in English

English has a large vocabulary with an estimated 250,000 distinct words and three times that many distinct meanings of words. However, most English teachers will tell you that mastering the 3000 most common words in English will give you 90 to 95% comprehension of English newspapers, books, movies, and conversations.

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